STEEL MESH TO REPLACE BARBED WIRE FENSES ON THE BORDER
Context: The barbed wires along the Pakistan and Bangladesh border are being replaced with meshed fence made of steel and coated with anti-rust paint.
- India shares 4,096.7 km border with Bangladesh and 3,323 km with
- The cost of around 1 km of fence is approximately 1.99 crore. The Border Security Force (BSF) that is deployed along the Pakistan and Bangladesh borders has been tasked to ensure that the fence is installed in a time-bound manner.
- Currently a pilot project has been sanctioned at a cost of 14.3 crore at Lathitila in Assam’s Silchar district.
- This will be a complete overhaul of the security system.
- The unique quality of the new fence is that it cannot be snipped. Nobody can climb it.
- There are many pockets along the border where the old barbed wires are so fragile that they can be destroyed with a mild push.
- The India–Pakistan Border, known locally as the Chacha Gurd(IB), is an international border running between India and Pakistan that demarcates the Indian states and the Pakistani four provinces.
- The border runs from the Line of Control(LoC), which separates Indian-administered Kashmir from Pakistan-administered Kashmir, in the north, to the Zero Point between the Indian state of Gujarat and the Sindh province of Pakistan, in the south.
- It was drafted and created based upon the Radcliffe linein 1947, the border.
- The border’s total length is 3,323 km (2,065 mi)
- It can be seen from space at night due to the 150,000 flood lightsinstalled by India on about 50,000 poles.
INDIA BANGLADESH BORDER
- The Bangladesh India border, known locally as the International Border(IB), is an international border running between Bangladesh and India that demarcates the eight divisions of Bangladesh and the Indian states.
- Bangladesh and India share a 4,156-kilometre-long (2,582 mi) international border, the fifth-longest land border in the world.
- Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, West Bengal are the states that share a border with Bangladesh.
- The Land Boundary Agreement to simplify the border was ratified by both India and Bangladesh on 7 May 2015.
CENTRAL ARMED POLICE FORCES
- The Central Armed Police Forces(CAPF) refers to uniform nomenclature of security forces in India under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs.
- They are the, Border Security Force(BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
BORDER SECURITY FORCE AND INDO –TIBETIAN BORDER POICE
- The BSF guards the borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
- The ITBP mans the 3,488km Line of Actual Control, the disputed demarcation line between territories controlled by India and China.
- The ITBP and the BSF both report to the Union home ministry.