Context: Hundreds of people from the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community flagged off the Namma Pride March in Bengaluru.
- They were joined by activists and other citizens who came out to support them.
- Members of the Coalition for Sex Workers, Sexual and Sexuality Minorities’ Rights, Karnataka, had organized the event.
- The aim of the event was to create awareness about the rights of the community and also to protest the new Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019.
BENGALURU NAMMA PRIDE MARCH
- Bengaluru Namma Pride March(previously called the Bengaluru Pride and Karnataka Queer Habba) is a Queer Pride March that is held annually in the city of Bengaluru in Karnataka, since 2008.
- The march is organized by a coalition called Coalition for Sex Workers and Sexuality Minority Rights (CSMR).
- Thepride march is preceded by a month of queer related events and activities.
TRANSGENDER PERSONS (PROTECTION OF RIGHTS) BILL, 2019
- TheTransgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 is a proposed act of the Parliament of India with the objective to provide for protection of rights of transgender persons, their welfare, and other related matters.
- The bill was introduced in theLok Sabha on 19 July 2019 by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thawar Chand Gehlot, in light of the lapse of the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2018.
- The bill tabled in 2019 did away with few of the severely criticized provisions of the 2018 bill, such as criminalization of begging and the establishment of a District Screening Committee to process applications for issuance of transgender person certificates.
- The bill fails to incorporate other principles in line with the Supreme Court judgment in National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India (NALSA v. UOI) in 2014, such as the right of transgender persons to self-perceived gender identity without undergoing sex reassignment surgery, and mandatory reservations in jobs and educational institutions.
- Criticism was also made about the lesser punishment for crimes against transgender persons compared with punishment for crimes againstcisgender persons.
- The 2019 bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 5 August 2019 by a voice vote.
The government has to create awareness and sensitize the public regarding the transgender issues.