CORONAVIRUS: BORDER DISTRICTS ON HIGH ALERT
Context: Following the detection of three confirmed cases of novel coronavirus (2019-nCOV) in Kerala, the border districts of Mangalore, Kodagu, Chamarajanagar, and Mysuru have been put on high alert.
STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT
- The State Health and Family Welfare Department has stepped up surveillance in the districts and has advised people to immediately report to the State Surveillance Unit if they develop any symptoms of the virus.
- The State had geared up to tackle the virus.
- Of the 44 samples sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, 29 had tested negative and the results of 15 are awaited.
- People can call 104 Arogya Sahayavani (call centre), where two seats has been reserved for receiving calls and guiding people.
- Advising precautions, the doctor said people should follow cough etiquette by covering the nose and mouth using handkerchief/towel while sneezing/coughing, apart from frequently washing hands with soap and water.
- Those who have arrived from coronavirus-affected countries should remain under strict home isolation for 28 days from the date of arrival in India, irrespective of whether they are symptomatic or asymptomatic.
- The 2019 novel coronavirusinformally known as the Wuhan coronavirus is a contagious virus that causes respiratory infection.
- It is the cause of the ongoing 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak.
- Genomic sequencinghas shown that it is a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA coronavirus.
- Many early cases were linked to a large seafood and animal market, and the virus is thought to have a zoonotic Comparisons of the genetic sequences of this virus and other virus samples have shown similarities to SARS-CoV (79.5%) and bat coronaviruses (96%), which makes an ultimate origin in bats likely.