IMPLEMENTATION OF SKILL INDIA POLICY IS AT ODDS WITH POLITICAL ECONOMY
Context: A recent study by researchers from two Bengaluru institutes, the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) and the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC) has revealed that the implementation of the Skill India policy has not sufficiently anchored the reality of India’s political economy.
- The study titled, ‘India’s Changing Cityscapes: Work, Migration and Livelihoods’, was funded by the Indian Council of Social Science Research.
- According to the researchers, skill training is pushing “needy young people” into precarious, informalised and low-paying jobs that are unlikely to lead to a better economic future or social mobility, or equip them with the means to improve their own lives.
- The preponderance of informal service work even in the organized sector makes the future of the skilled service worker almost as bleak as that of the unskilled worker
SKILL INDIA CAMPAIGN
- Skill India campaign was launched by Prime MinisterNarendra Modi on 15 July 2015 to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
- It aims at vocational training and certification of Indianyouth for a better livelihood and respect in the society.
- National Skill Development Mission
- National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY)
- Skill Loan scheme
- Rural India Skill
- Greater attention to the relevance of skills to local job markets will certainly make skill training more useful for workers.
- There is also a need for more focussed and critical attention to what kind of jobs are available and to the institutional framework of urban service work