- The JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY) is a 100% centrally sponsored Scheme with the objective of reducing maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.
- (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM).
- JananiSurakshaYojana was launched in April 2005 by modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).
- The scheme is under implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
- In High Performing States (HPS), where the levels of institutional delivery are satisfactory,Pregnant women from BPL/SC/ST households only are entitled for JSY benefit.
- The scheme provides performance based incentives to women health volunteers known as ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) for promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.
- There is no bar on age of mother, number of children or type of institution i.ea government or accredited private health facility.
- A new study brings in first conclusive evidence of the role played by JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY) in reducing ‘socioeconomic disparities’ existing in maternal care.
- The government will launch Mission ParivarVikasto improve family planning services in seven states where the combined total fertility rate (TFR), or the number of children a woman has in her lifetime) constitutes 44% of the country’s population.
- The main objective of ‘Mission ParivasVikas is to accelerate access to high quality family planning choices based on information, reliable services and supplies within a rights-based framework.
- The Union ministry of health and family welfare will launch the programmein 145 high-focus districts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Assam.
- These districts were identified based on their total fertility rate and sterilization performance among other measures taken for family planning,for immediate, special and accelerated efforts.
- The target of the government is to reach the replacement level fertility goals of 1 by the year 2025.
- The key strategic focus of this initiative will be on improving access to contraceptives through delivering assured services, dovetailing with new promotional schemes, ensuring commodity security, building capacity (service providers), creating an enabling environment along with close monitoring and implementation
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