KARNATAKA STATE ISSUES NOVEMBER 2015
1.Introduction of MEMU-Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit trains in Karnataka state:
The South Western Railways to introduce more electric trains in karnataka in following. months. This will be boon to daily commuters for who travel between Bangalore city railway station and other towns near by towns and cities. The workers who travel between Bangalore City railway station and nearby towns every day is likely to become easier in the coming months with the completion of a maintenance shed.
MEMU trains have special feature which has a adaption capacity for traveling short distances, but diesel locomotives are not being suitable for the shorter traveling distance on daily basis. At present passengers are made to use trains with diesel locomotives as there is no option. So this need MEMU trains in daily travel has add on advantage.
Currently, there is a MEMU service between Bengaluru and Marikuppam which has to be serviced outside the city every week which takes away one day of possible operations.
Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit (MEMU) trains to Ramanagaram will benefit thousands of workers who travel every day between the two stations.
Before the MEMU train service begins the construction of shed to these trains must begin, this shed for MEMU trains was announced those places are Banaswadi railway station and along with MEMU services to Ramanagaram. The construction of the maintenance shed will allow the Railways to improve the turnaround time for MEMU trains from weekly maintenance runs and would also allow for increased capacity.
This project to run MEMU trains which in turn helps the raising demand of train service in South Western Railways is expected to get completed by next month. The work was started again after the project tender was called in 2014 had stoked in middle for months later got resumed.However, electrical and overhead electrical work had been delayed which pushed the project beyond its completion dates.
Once the shed gets started this will also can be made use to give services to other suburban center if the railway lines is electrified and more MEMU services can be generated with the help of South Western Railways.
2.Protection of lakes with the a New lake protection authority;
Karnataka Lake Development and Conservation Authority Bill, 2014
Passed in the legislature in February 2015
Governor gives assent in April 2015
Members comprised of-
- The chairperson of the governing council will be Minister for Minor irrigation.
- A 16-member governing council, including three ‘non-officials’ and subject expert
- A 12-member executive committee of principal secretaries and heads of Bengaluru civic bodies
- The rules for Karnataka Lake Development and Conservation Authority (KLDCA) Bill, 2014, which was cleared by the Law Department on October 28. Which was passed by the Assembly early in February.
Functions of the authority:-
- The formation of the authority will see the “automatic” merger of the Lake Development Authority, a registered society that has oft been called by activists as being “toothless” in handling of lakes.
- There are few more procedures to be followed by government to get started and the rules must get its approval by the Minister for environment and Forest before a draft notification is published and the new authority for protection on lake us expected to start working by the end of NovemberIt will coverMangaluru, Hubballi–Dharwad, Mysuru, Belagavi, Tumakuru, Davangere, Ballari, Kalaburagi, and Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike Lakes and catchment areas in municipality.
Its objectives are
- 1.Environmental impact assessment for all lakes is to be conducted
- 2 Protect, reclaim and rejuvenate lakes
- 3 Flora and fauna habitat to be created in lakes
- 4 Making use of lakes for the purpose of drinking water, irrigation, education and tourism.
- 5 It can also raise funds for the developmental purpose of the lakes which are in the way of extinction
- 6 They even order for removal of encroachments.
Measures to conserve lakes:
- Penalise those dumping in lakes, discharge sewage with out treating or encroaching lake-bed: imprisonment between three and five years; and fines between Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 20,000 will be put on those who violates the rules.
- Penalise government officials who have not stopped encroachment or pollution of lakes: imprisonment for a maximum of a year, fine of Rs. 10,000.
3.Eco sensitive zones with rich wildlife are under threat from mining activities:
- Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary Eco sensitive zone is in news because of the growing concerns over attempts by the granite and quarrying lobby to secure permission for mining in villages of this Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) boundary, and pressure being brought on the government to relent.
- In May 2013 MM hills was declared as a wild life sanctuary, As soon the ESZ regulations comes into play automatically
- A default area of 10 km from the forest boundary will be deemed to be the ESZ, and all regulations will be in force.There is a standing order by the Ministry of Environment and Forests that makes it clear that for national parks and wildlife sanctuaries where the ESZ was not notified or a proposal for the same was yet to be submitted.The ESZ for MM Hills is yet to be notified.
- The granite and quarrying lobby is trying hard to get villages like Ponnachi, Hoogyam, Meenium and a few other villages removed from the ambit of the draft eco-sensitive zone for MM Hills.
- ESZ regulations prohibits mining, quarrying and other activities inimical to wildlife but this is being violated by the mining activities.
- The Biligiri Ranganthaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary and the MM Hills Sanctuary ate the two wildlife zones in Chamarajanagar district to which this mining lobby are croaching upon. These two are the home of elephants, tigers, leopards and other species, which came to light during a camera-trap exercise conducted by the Forest Department and field biologists as part of a long-term study in the region.
- The granite and quarrying lobby is trying hard to get villages like Ponnachi, Hoogyam, Meenium and a few other villages removed from the ambit of the draft eco-sensitive zone for MM Hills
4.Using Urban spaces for Vertical Farming:
- Due to the increase in the population the living spaces are occupied by activities other than agriculture. The available for farming is diminishing in a high rate. So to fInd a solution to this problem Indian agriculture scientist and policy makers are of the idea that vertical farming can be makes use of urban spaces to grote horticulture produce.
- Disposal of organic waste is being the biggest problem in urban area so this vertical farming will ensure availability of organic, fresh vegetables and fruits on one’s doorstep. Residents can use their kitchen waste, which will also help fight the problem of garbage disposal.
- It includes cultivation of various horticultural crops — fruits and vegetables, besides rare varieties of flowers such as orchids in multiple layers, with the help of proper supporting structures that can go up to a height of 20 to 25 floors.
- Scientists are in hope that urban residents who go for commercial cultivation through vertical farming
- Experts says that , LED lights to make up for shortage of sunlight, would have to be tried out for cultivation either inside the house or on a commercial basis, it is possible to take up normal cultivation that uses soil if the vertical gardening system is taken up outside the house. Similarly, soilless farming,
5.Establishment of Digital Art School in Karnataka:
- The State government is considering a proposal to establish digital art finishing school
- Animation is being used in each and every filed todaty. Pictures, digital apps, mobile gaming, it has integral part into our lives in various forms
- A digital media city of global standards is going to be set up in Karnataka.
- Karnataka will be the first state to draft a separate policy for the digital industry. In 2013 this policy was drafted and this year it will be implemented.
- Digitising every fine arts college in the State is also a another step of state government.
Ten fine arts colleges, located in Bidar, Gulbarga, Dharwad, Belgaum, Gadag,Raichur,Chitradurga, Tumkur, Bellary and Chamarajanagar have been identified for digital art centres.
The State Government came up with the Karnataka Animation, Visual Effects, Gaming and Comics policy.To attract investments in the growing field of digital art.
It focusses on developing and nurturing the animation and gaming segment of the information technology industry
The Government has announced the creation of a venture capital fund of Rs. 50 crore,In this policy, the first of its kind in the country to be funded jointly by the Government and private investors, The Government’s contribution to this fund is 26 per cent
Other moves proposed include :
- 1.providing financial assistance for setting up digital art centres
- 2.promotion of public and private parks in this sector.
- setting up animation, visual effects, gaming and comics parks on the SEZ model
While the State and the Centre would invest 20 per cent and 30 per cent respectively, the private partners would provide 50 per cent.Another key policy announcement is the decision to set up a centre of excellence in this field in a private-public partnership mode.
- Excluding quarrying areas and sand mining areas from echo sensitive zones:
- The State has raised its set of objections to the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) on the Kasturirangan panel recommendations, seeking to exclude private areas/villages and sand mining/quarrying areas from the purview of eco-sensitive areas (ESAs).
- State has sought that the recommendation should be reconsidered,While the panel has recommended that sand mining and quarrying be banned in ESAs in the Western Ghats.
- In view of ‘local development’The Department has sought for these areas to be ‘regulated
7.New classes for students on awareness on conserving forest:
- The programme will be launched in Gadag and Belagavi districts and will be extended to other districts subsequently .For class nine students in schools on the forest fringes.The department would launch ‘Chinnara Vanya Darshana’ programme from December.Here, students will be get to stay overnight in forests. Cultural and essay writing competitions too will be organised
- To create awareness among students about preserving and conserving forests and wildlife. Department by making activities under program a part of academics.
8.Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act 2003 (Cotpa):
- In putting up boards and signages as per Section 4 of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act 2003 (Cotpa) govt has asked the companies to tobacco control activities in the company’s corporate social responsibility budget and to spread awareness by organising ‘flash mobs’
- According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- Tobacco killing more than 10 lakh people in India annually.Tobacco is one of the world’s leading preventable causes of death and disability and that about 28 per cent of the State’s population is exposed to harmful effects of passive cigarette smoke.
- Smoking is banned in all public places across the country, to protect passive smokers from health hazards.As per Section 4 of the Cotpa act.
9.Amendments of Gram Swaraj Panchayat Raj bill, 2015
- The State Cabinet gave its green signal to adopt several changes in the Panchayat raj legislation.
- Recommendations made by a committee headed by former speaker K R Ramesh Kumar and the amendments will be based on this committee recommendations.As many as 110 amendments will be incorporated.
- The bill will be tabled in the winter session of the legislative session
- 1.Apart from gram sabhas and ward sabhas, habitat sabhas will have to be held in isolated habitations at least once in six months.
- 2.Holding panchayat adalats and making it mandatory for calling tenders for works above Rs 20 lakh
- 3.The present 20-month tenure of gram/taluk/zilla panchayat presidents will be extended to five years.
- 4.All zilla panchayat presidents will be given minister-of-state rank.
10.Bangalore’s railway station to be named after Rayanna:
- The railway station of Karnataka’s capital to be named after Sangolli Rayanna considering his contribution to the state of Karnataka.
- The centre recently approved this proposal
- Life of Sangoli Rayana:
- Sangoli Rayanna who was born on August 15, 1798, fought the East India Company.Along with Kittur ruler Rani Chennamma He fought the British forces but was imprisoned along with her in 1824.However, he was later freed and he collected a group fought guerilla warfare against the British.In 1831 when he was executed.
11.Referring A J Sadashiva Commission to the law department:
To a mandate to incorporate the 2011 census data.The State Cabinet decided to refer the report of the A J Sadashiva Commission to the Law department
About the commission:
- The Sadashiva Commission had submitted its report in June 2012
- Following complaints by the most backward groups within the Scheduled Caste category the panel was set up in 2005 for those groups which had cornered all the reservation benefits, while they had been denied of the constitutional rights.
Recommendation of the commission:
1.Based on the 2005 statistics of the Scheduled Caste population.The commission had arrived at its recommendations
2.It had recommended that the present 15 per cent reservation benefits for the Scheduled Castes be divided among the left hand, right hand, other Scheduled Castes and ‘touchable’ groups in the ratio of 6, 5, 1 and 3 per cent, respectively
Besides, inputs from the socio-economic survey (caste census) could also be included.The Cabinet felt that the 2011 census data collected on the Scheduled Caste commuities should be incorporated into the report.
Internal reservation among the Scheduled Castes should be added was recommended by The Karnataka Backward Classes Commission, which conducted the census earlier this year, is likely to submit its report in a month.
12.Housing programme for SC/STs to state:
Under this program of Dr B R Ambedkar Niwas Yojana ,proposes to construct one lakh houses in rural areas at a cost of Rs 1.5 lakh per house and50,000 houses in urban areas at Rs 1.8 lakh per house for SC/STs.
13.R.K. Narayan’s house is considered under heritage building list:
The nodal agent to charge of the maintenance and restoration of the house is designated to the departhament of kannada and culture.
The government of Karnataka declared the house that belonged to noted writer R.K. Narayan in Yadavagiri, Mysore under the Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act. It will be soon restored as heritage building.
Under the Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act.“Mysore city itself has over 200 heritage structures.
New add ons to the list of heritage building are the noted singer Gangubai Hangal in Dharwad home and The homes of Jnanapith award winner Kuvempu in Kuppalli are heritage buildings now
- Communal opposition to the celebration of Tipu Sultan jayanthi:
- Tipu Sultan Jayanti has triggered opposition when he government decired to celebrate jayanthi.
- But experts have described such opposition as being clouded by communal view devoid of knowledge of history.
- He is the only ruler who fought the British opposing their imperialism and died valiantly
- BJP leaders stand on Tipu some of whom have coloured Tipu Sultan as indulging in forcible conversion. Apart from strong opposition Tipu sulthan jayanthi is been celebrated on 10 November. Tipu Sultan is considered ahead of his time and was also a reformer and stern with his enemies, be they Hindu or Muslim.
- IISC Bengaluru in top 100 world universities:
- Indian Institute of Science , Benagluru making a debut in the world’s top 100 universities for engineering and technology by breaking India’s poor ranking in universities list.
- IISc made its entry at 99th in the spot on a list
- The other universities which remains dominated by the U.S. institutions with Stanford, CalTech and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the top three positions in the Times Higher Education Ranking for Engineering & Technology’.
- Times Higher Education announced that U.S holding 31st rank has singled out the year as one of Asian progress, while Asia holds 25 positions in the Top 100, from 18 last year.
- Birur railway station is under Renewable energy project:
- The Mysuru Division is tapping solar energy resources to reduce its dependence on conventional forms of energy dependent on coal and water.As part of the Indian Railways’ push to tap renewable energy.
- A15 kW capacity wind and solar hybrid project is being established at Birur station at an estimated cost of Rs. 37.34 lakh
- The unit at Birur would generate nearly 20,000 units of electricity a year, against the annual requirement of nearly 1.2 lakh units of that station, and hence the savings would be considerable.
- In addition to Birur, a proposal has been submitted for establishing a similar solar and wind hybrid unit to meet the power requirements of Chitradurga railway station.
- There are 14 level crossing gates operational in the Mysuru Division,Renewable energy is also being tapped to power the level-crossing (LC) gates.
Significance of the project
1.The Railways is among the single largest entities consuming nearly 2 per cent of the country’s total power generated to meet its operational requirements.
2.This is in pursuance of the Railway’s drive to meet a portion of its energy from renewable energy sources like solar, wind and biomass.
3.To reduce dependence on the Electricity Board grid. The power generated will light the station building, platforms, unreserved ticketing system and passenger reservation system centres, apart from the waiting halls. It will also ensure uninterrupted power supply to the station.
17.Mudhol dog breed may be inducted to the army soon:
The native breed may be drafted into the country’s fighting force if the performance of the hound matches the Army’s expectations.If the experiment of Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University.
The dog breed in security and combat operations yields a positive result the indigenous Mudhol hound may make it to the Army and the Indian Army to test the capabilities
For actions like sighting of the enemy and reconnaissance ,The sight hounds, that have an accentuated sense of sight, could prove to be invaluable.
The responsibility of supply the puppies is taken by The University’s Canine Research and Information Centre (CRIC) in Thimmapur in Mudhol taluk in Bagalkot district, that selectively breeds the variety,
The speciality of this species are:
1.They can adjust to any climate and perform well.
2.Disease resistant and hardy species that do not demand any specific food.
18.Thermocol invasion might be a substitute to plastic as it is banned in Bengaluru
The garbage that the city produces constitutes thermocol products constitutes a small portion (around 4 per cent), there is a chances that a ban on plastic might end up thermocol as an alternative.
Problems for using as an alternative:
1.The usage in a lesser quantity comapared to plastic
2.Comparatively, thermocol is ecologically more dangerous than plastic.
3.Though both plastic and thermocol are non-biodegradable, plastic is easily recyclable while thermocol is not.
4.Presently, there is no technology to recycle thermocol. There are only two options: either compress and dump them in soil or burn it, which is known to release carcinogenic gasses
5.Thermocol is the biggest threat to solid waste handling, as it cannot be recycled.
The operative portion does not mention styrofoam or thermocol, The draft notification, in its preamble, clearly notes that thermocol plates and cups are ecologically dangerous.
Currently only a small portion of thermocol waste is being compressed and reused.
19.Basavanna statue in London was unveiled by PM:
- The 12the century social reformer Basavanna who is famously called as “Jagadjothi Basaveshwara”. who was great poet and philosopher. His idol is been unveiled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in London along the banks of river Thames.
- This is a great honour to the reformist and his ideology of casteless society in 12th century.
- It led to much jubilation in Karnataka. The state has a sizeable population of Lingayats for whom he is a major icon. Especially in northern and north eastern side of the state.
- This sends an interesting social echoes, with a strong sense that it is an attempt at reasserting Lingayat identity beyond seas.This described it as a great honour accorded to the reformer who dreamt of building a casteless, classless society.
- All legislature proceedings will be digitalised in state:
Need for Digitalization:
1.Currently, the staff spend a lot of time on retrieving records demanded by members during the legislature session.Digitisation ensures better service as relevant information sought by MLAs/MLCs can be located easily.
2.Maintain records of speeches and statements made by members on the floor of the Houses is being going difficult by The Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council secretariats
With members of the ruling and Opposition parties often seeking proceedings from the 1950s and ‘60s, a decision has been taken to digitise the
Execution under process:
1.The project, which will be executed by a library committee of the legislature. All old paper records of the Assembly and Council proceedings will be scanned.
2.All proceedings since 1952 — when the first Assembly was constituted.To make access to old records easier, both Houses of the State legislature have decided to digitise
3.To commence the process of digitising the records. Officials of the Assembly secretariat will be signing an agreement with a private firm soon .Officials are negotiating the cost of the project with the firm.
4.The proceedings will be digitised subject and name-wise.
Unlike paper files, these are easy to maintain and ensure faster retrieval of information.It is easy to preserve digital archives and access them instantly. Once the work is complete, the secretariat staff can take printouts of proceedings/speeches made by any leader in the Assembly or Council.
- Digitalising schools in Karnataka:
According to District Information System for Education report for 2014-15, only 38 per cent of schools in the State have computers. A large number of schools that have computers do not have Internet.But a large number of schools in the State are yet to get computers or Internet.
They are all Part of the phase-3 project implemented by the Department of State Education Research and Training.As many as 4,396 government and aided high schools across the State face this problem of no having computers at schools and also lack of internet facilities to existing computers.
This will be a part the ‘Digital India’ campaign.The Ministry of Human Resource Development’s (MHRD) is planning to launch a series of mobile apps and ICT-based initiatives.
Many school managements do not have funds to get repaired the computers .The students, meanwhile, have got no exposure to computer education.
About four new schemes such as E-Pathshalka,Shala Siddi, Saransh and using IVRS in the midday meal schemes.
About the new schemes:
1.E pathshala is a web portal with educational resources for students, teachers and parents
2.Shala siddhi a web portal that helps schools assess themselves
3.Saransh allows schools affiliated to CBSE to see a comprehensive overview of their students from classes 9 to 12
4.Interactive voice response system(IVRS) monitors daily implementation of midday meal scheme and attendance of students
- New Advocate General in state will be Madhusudhan Naik:
- To represent the state government in the Karnataka High Court,Senior advocate Madhusudhan R Naik has been appointed as the advocate general
- His appointment is followed by the resignation of advocate general Ravivarma Kumar who had submitted his resignation letter to Siddaramaiah on October 26.
Term and office of Advocate general of the state:
1.Under Article 165 of the constitution,The advocate general is appointed by the governor.
2.He holds office during the pleasure of the governor
3The term of office of the advocate general is not fixed by the Constitution.
4There is details abouth the procedure and grounds of removal of AAG in the Constitution.
The duties of the advocate general include the following:
1.He will the chief law officer of the government in the state
2.To give advice to the government of the state upon such legal matters which are referred to him by the governor.
3.To carry on the functions conferred by the Constitution or any other law.
4.To perform such other duties of a legal character that are assigned to him by the goVernor.
23.Pareeksha adalat will be revivaled by Bangalore University:
- Bangalore University (BU) is going to hold a ‘pareeksha/exam adalat’.
- About exam adalat- Which includes submit details of problems related to exam processes, including of results and marks cards by November from the affiliated colleges.
- Previously universities ambitious move at holding such an adalat back in 2011 was stoped before implementation. BU is thinking to start this adalats in the beginning of 2016.
- The Vice-Chancellor will be the ultimate authority to approve decisions, which are subject to the opinion of the legal advisor. Students or colleges can present their cases.
- The exam adalats includes the participation of students, their parents, college principal, exam officers, selected non teaching staff who works for exams, the Registrarand the legal advisor of BU.
24.Wildlife sanctuary for Chinkars at Mudhol:
Reason for establishment:The animal fears extinction owing to lack of protection and hunting by local people in the taluk.
By whom:Establishing wildlife sanctuary for Chinkaras at Mudhol taluk in Bagalkot district had been decided by The Ministry of Environment and Forests.
About the species:
1.Chinkaras, it is largely found in Mudhol and Badami taluks of north Karnataka region.
2.Chinkaras, which weigh around 30 kg, are largely found in 12 villages of Mudhol and Badami the taluks.
3.These are not such in a large concentration anywhere in the State. Thus, it is important to save the animal
Threats:Needs immediate protection from local hunters.
According to a estimates , it is in the way of extinction in the state and the district has only around 100 chinkaras
Demands of local people:They fear that once the areas are declared protected, they will not find firewood. But they want the government to provide them facilities such as LPG connections as they are largely dependent on forest for firewood.
25.Sign language is been developed by APD in Kannada language:
- An NGO named Association for People with Disability, which works for physically challenged people in karnataka. has come up with a new innovation in the field of learning for differently abled children.
- APD had developed a self-learning textbook of sign language in kannada for children who are physically challenged
- This book has been designed and printed by the Association for People with Disability (APD), an NGO working for physically challenged people.
- A self-learning textbook in a regional language for the hearing impaired is first of its kinds claims NGO.
After dedicating a year on research. Finally the textbook ‘Nanna Bhashe’ (My Language) came out.
1.It contains over 500 words with pictorial representation.
2.The grammar, punctuation is being prepared in the second volume of the book.
According to 2001 census ,Karnataka has around 70,000 children with hearing impairment in government schools and these students do not have textbooks for easy learning. so this initiative would be a big boon to those can make use of this book.
It is expected that with this book, without the support of a tutor children can learn 70 per cent of sign language.
26.Steps towards removal of Lokayuktha
- Initial steps are taken by opposition parties(Bharathiya janatha party and Janatha Dal)in removal of Karnataka Lokayuktha Y. Bhaskar Rao. They submitted separate petitions to Legislative Assembly Speaker to initiate the process of conducting an inquiry into the allegations of corruption.
- The Opposition submitted a similar petition to Council Chairman as well. Because Rao, who has not budged despite calls for his resignation and is on a long leave.
- The petition which was submitted to Council Chairman was signed by 83 MLAs, more than the number mandated by the Karnataka Lokayukta Act.
- State legislature simplified the procedure for removal of the anti-graft ombudsman and the State amended the Lokayukta Act during the previous session of the State legislature in July
Procedure for removal:
1.one-third members of either House or both Houses of the legislature must sign a notice for a motion for the removal on the ground of ‘proved misbehaviour or incapacity’.
2.This would refer it to the Chief Justice of the High Court for investigation in two or three days by The Speaker.
3.Once the Speaker or Chairman (or both) refer the petition to the Chief Justice, the Lokayukta would be precluded from discharging duties during the pendency of the motion.
4.The government can appoint an advocate to conduct the case.
5.The report would be taken up for consideration by the House or Houses, if the investigation report finds real in the allegations, as the case concerned in which the motion is pending.
6.Once the House or Houses aaccepts the report, then it would be sent to the Governor for assent. If the Governor gives his assent to the report the Lokayukta would be removed from his office.
27.Krishi mela in been conducted in Uuniversity of Aagricultural Sciences, Bengaluru.
- Through the integrated farming system, according to on-field experiments of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru (UAS-B),it is possible to earn around Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 40,000 a month from just one hectare (two and half acres) of farm land with a borewell
- Efficient utilisation of resources and analysing the market trends was the key to success of these models.Demonstration plots of integrated farming system models would be set up in all the seven Krishi Vigyan Kendras spread across 10 districts.
- To instil confidence among farmers at Krishi Mela UAS-B to showcase integrated farming models’ demonstration plots
- Under this, the total plot of 2.5 acres is divided into five components earmarked for growing food crops, commercial crops, ornamental flowers, etc.Based on its experiments over the years, the university has developed an integrated farming system model.
Main aim of the Krishi Mela:
- The dry-land model has a farm pond to harvest rain water which is used during kharif for growing short-duration vegetables.
- University to create awareness among farmers about sustainable agricultural practices.
- Transgenders gets separate toilets :
- On the day of World Toilet Day, Mysuru city which is also know as cleanest city in India has opened a separate toilet for the transgenders in the city. Mysuru will also be the first city to have such facility in the state
- Exclusive toilet for the third sex which is claimed to be the first in the country, which was an initiative taken by Mysuru Zilla Panchayat
29.Local bodies are allowed to collect tax under the Gram Panchayat Amendment Bill 2015:
- The State will be empowered to generate more funds to meet their own expenses and improve infrastructure.To allow greater autonomy at the grassroots level, gram panchayats (GPs)
- The GPs are allowed to levy taxes on motorcycles, road cutting charges, grazing cattle in lands, trucks, parking fee of buses,mobile towers, windmills and solar parks, fee on registration of cattle.
- The bill envisages GPs to collect tax from owners of residential buildings, commercial buildings, industries, factories, IT parks, hardware parks, textile parks, power plants, special economic zones, vacant plots, and on advertisement and hoardings.
- Not less than 20 per cent of such funds should be untied grants.It provides for devolution of funds based on the recommendations of the State Finance Commission
- GPs are at present suffering from inadequate funds and many of them have no money to pay electricity and water bills.
- The Bill also makes it mandatory for declaration of assets and liabilities of elected GP members.
30.Aid to acid attack victims:
- The Karnataka State Commission for Women (KSCW) has directed all zilla panchayats to provide with residential sites and free residential houses to the acid attack victims.
- A large number have los their sight and are badly scarred. A majority of the victims are poor, and could and afford medical bills which was high.The Karnataka state has seen 144 acid attack victims since 2003-04.
- The victims are also eligible to get welfare pension meant for people with disabilities, cash compensation of Rs. 3 lakh, and compensation for treatment up to Rs. 20 lakh.