KARNATAKA TO COME UP WITH DRUG ACTION PLAN
Context: The state’s Health and Family Welfare Department intends to create a state drug action plan for all the 30 districts in the State.
- This is in line with the National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction that was released by the Centre.
- This will be done in coordination with the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS).
ABOUT THE ACTION PLAN
- The proposed action plan will put forth a road map on what the State must do in coordination with various stakeholders to raise awareness on drug-use disorders, prevention and identifying and managing cases for de-addiction.
- The aim is to make the State self-sufficient in care of drug-use disorders.
- Awareness and early intervention are important
- To know the ground situation there is a need for an assessment. For this, a household survey has been suggested in the action plan. This has to ideally happen once every 10 years.
- Apart from this, capacity building of teachers, schools, doctors, nurses, medical colleges and hospitals will be done as all are not able to handle cases at their levels
- The drug action report will focus on tobacco, alcohol, drugs and cyber addiction as well.
Intervention is required at juvenile homes, prisons, for sex workers, transgenders and other such special population who are prone to drug use disorders.
NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION
- The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment drafted the five year action plan for addressing the problem of drug and substance abuse in the country
- The National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction, initiated in 2018, focuses on awareness generation, capacity building, rehabilitation and specific intervention in vulnerable areas to ensure drug demand reduction by 2023.
- It aims to employ a multi-pronged strategy involving education, de-addiction rehabilitation of affected individuals and their families.
- The plan focuses on preventive education, awareness generation, counseling, treatment and rehabilitation of drug-dependent people, besides training and capacity-building of service providers through collaborative efforts of the Centre, state and NGOs
- It has several measures — including coordination with implementing agencies for controlling sale of sedatives, painkillers and muscle relaxant drugs, and checking online sale of drugs by stringent monitoring by cyber cell .
- It includes holding awareness generation programmes at schools, colleges, universities, workplaces and for police functionaries, paramilitary forces, law enforcement agencies, judicial officers and Bar council, among others.
- It also aims for awareness generation through social, print, digital and online media, and engagement of celebrities, besides strengthening the national toll free helpline for drug prevention.