NO DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WITHIN 10-KM RADIUS OF BNP
Context: The Karnataka High Court has directed the State and Central governments to ensure that no further commercial or developmental activities are undertaken within a 10 kilometre radius of Bannerghatta National Park (BNP) till finalization of the draft notification to declare an eco sensitive zone (ESZ) around the park.
THE DRAFT NOTIFICATION
- A draft notification was issued in 2016 to declare an area of 268.96 sq. km., ranging from 100 metres to 4.5 km from the boundary of BNP, as ESZ by the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change on the advice of the State government.
- But the draft was allowed to lapse though no objection or suggestion was received.
CAUSE OF CONCERN
Several commercial activities, like bottling plants for drinking water, residential layouts and governments housing schemes, are allowed in the area that was proposed as ESZ as per the 2016 draft notification.
- The government should finalize the ESZ around BNP as per the 2016 draft notification.
- And prohibit commercial and other developmental activities within a 10-km radius of BNP till finalization of ESZ.
BANNERGHATTA NATIONAL PARK
- Bannerghatta National Park, near Bangalore, Karnataka, was founded in 1970 and declared as a national park in 1974.
- In 2002 a portion of the park, became a biological reserve, the Bannerghatta Biological Park.
- It is a popular tourist destination with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescuecentre, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a snake house and a safari park.
- There are ancient temples in the park for worship and it is a destination for trekkingand hiking.
- The Zoo Authority of Karnataka, the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, and the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE), Bangalore, are collaborating agencies.