ROAD SAFETY WEEK
Context: National Road Safety Week in association with the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) is being observed across the country, starting January 11, 2020.
- National Road Safety Week is observedgenerally in Second week of January every year by the, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Govt. of India
- The theme for National Road Safety Week 2020 is –Sadak Suraksha Jeevan Raksha.
- With increasing incidents of road rage, accidents and unsafe driving practices, it is imperative to educate people on road safety.
- In fact road safety is expected to improve dramatically when every component of the system including the vehicle, road infrastructure, traffic engineering, driver training and road etiquette, enforcement, education and awareness, as well as the laws that govern the road system, have safety embedded into them as an inherent virtue.
- Today, most accidents are caused due to driver negligence and improper road etiquette.
- Thus there is a dire need to educate people about road safety.
SOME CRUCIAL ENDEAVORS OF GOVERNMENT
- On 15 March 2010, India’s Union Cabinet approved the National Road Safety Policy based on the Sunder Committee’s recommendation in a report it submitted in February, 2007.
- On 25th March, 2014, the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways set up a committee and charged it with the responsibility of establishing a NCAP (New Car Assessment Program) for India.
- In March 2016, the Government announced that starting from October 2017 till October 2020; it will introduce a new mandatory safety features timeline for new vehicles under the purview of the Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Programme (BNVSAP).
- In 2015, India became a signatory of the Brasília Declaration, committing to reduce its road deaths rate by 50 per cent by 2020.
- One of the National Road Safety Policy’s recommendations was the establishment of a National Road Safety Information System.
MOTOR VEHICLES (AMENDMENT) BILL
- Rajya Sabha passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 31 July, 2019.
- On 28 August, 2019, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways notified that the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 2019 will come into effect from 1 September, 2019.
- A historic step in the right direction, the MV Act 2019not only introduced substantially heavier traffic challans, but also added a variety of other prevalent offences, including underage driving among other things.
- It also introduced provisions for automated vehicle fitness testing, recall of vehicles, protection of good Samaritans, drivers’ training, etc.