SAATHIYA’ Resource Kit
- Under its RashtriyaKishorSwasthyaKaryakram, Union health ministry has launched Saathiya resource kit that is specially designed by experts to help peer educators, especially in villages, discuss sensitive issues and answer teenage queries in their community in an informed manner.
- The ‘Saathiya Resource Kits’ is a nationwide programme under which 1.6 lakh boys and girls will work as peer educators to adolescents and respond to their queries on key health issues including mental and physical changes, nutrition and addiction.
- The Resource Kit has been developed by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Population Foundation of India (PFI).
- The initiative also aims to bring down the apprehensions and doubts among growing adolescents about the body related changes that they undergo during puberty.
- The resource kit comprises of an Activity Book, Bhranti-Kranti Game, a Question-Answer Book and a Peer Educator Diary.
- The Peer Educators will be trained across the country in a phased manner and the Peer Educator to be recognized and respected as ‘saathiya’, a good friend for the adolescents.
- RKSK programme was launched by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in January 2014 with an aim to cater and address health and development needs of the country’s adolescents.
- It introduces community-based interventions through peer educators (Saathiyas), and is underpinned by collaborations with other ministries and state governments.
- To guide the implementation of this programme, the ministry in collaboration with United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has developed a National Adolescent Health Strategy.
- RKSK identifies six strategic priorities for adolescents:
- Sexual and reproductive health (SRH)
- Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
- Substance misuse
- Injuries and violence (including gender-based violence)
- Mental health.
- The strategy focuses on age groups 10-14 years and 15-19 years with universal coverage.
- It covers males and females in school and out of school; married and unmarried; in urban and rural; and vulnerable and under-served.
- The government has launched SwachhSwasthSarvatra initiative. It was launched by the Union Health Ministry in collaboration with the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and Human Resource Development.
- The objective is to strengthen community health centres in 708 open defecation-free blocks across the country to enable them to achieve higher levels of cleanliness and hygiene.
- Under it, 10 lakh rupees of financial assistance will be given to the community health centres so that they can be strengthened to meet the standards of sanitation, hygiene and infection control.
- The initiative is a part of the Swachh Bharat Mission, under the National Health Mission.
- It is focused on the twin objectives of constructing toilets and enabling behavioural change, with the goal of making India free of open defecation by October 2, 2019.